The autoimmune conditions which often cause swollen lymph nodes include HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and others. However, these conditions are devastating for the organism and they usually cause other alarming symptoms too.
A condition which may cause swollen lymph nodes is a cancer of a lymphatic system, however, it is a rare disease. Other diseases which may cause swollen lymph nodes include metastasis, which happens when a cancer spreads around different parts of your body.
Leukemia which is a cancer of the blood also often leads to swollen lymph nodes. In case of a cancer, the swollen lymph nodes may appear in different parts of the body and in some cases they are painful. Cancer, however, usually causes other symptoms too.
If you have noticed that your posterior cervical lymph nodes are swollen, have a closer look to the medicines you take on a regular basis as it may be only a side effect. The drugs which may cause such an effect include phenytoin and carbamazepine.
Interestingly, certain vaccines, also those given to children, may cause the swelling of the posterior cervical lymph nodes. However, this side effect is just temporary and it does not mean that the vaccine is dangerous.
How Are Swollen Lymph Nodes Diagnosed
You should not ignore swollen lymph nodes, but do not panic too as if they are swollen during an infection, you probably have nothing to worry about. Observe your body and if the swollen lymph nodes are gone when the infection is gone, you can forget about the problem then.
However, if you do not see any change within a week or two, you should consult your doctor to determine the cause of this state. Accompanying symptoms are alarming too, for example, if you have been experiencing sudden weight loss, fatigue, or fever, make an appointment at your doctor’s quickly.
Your doctor will start with a physical examination of your lymph nodes to check if they are soft or hard, moveable or fixed in one place. Moreover, he will ask you about your medical history and all the medicines you have been taking recently. He will probably order you to do certain blood tests.
In some cases biopsy of the lymph node might be necessary. It is a minor surgical procedure, in which a fragment of your lymph node is taken for a thorough examination in the laboratory. It is a reliable test, which will reveal all the abnormalities.
The treatment will always depend on the underlying cause of the swollen posterior cervical lymph nodes. In most cases antibiotics are the main treatment as a bacterial infection is responsible for swollen lymph nodes most commonly. If the cause is serious or potentially life-threatening, such as cancer, surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy might be the only solutions.
Swollen Posterior Cervical Lymph Nodes – Best Home Remedies
It s quite difficult to deal with the swollen lymph nodes only as the swelling is usually caused by un underlying condition. Moreover, if the swelling persists and does not want to go away after a week or two, you need to consult a doctor immediately. However, if you know that the cause of the problem is not serious, such as a cold or infection, but the swollen lymph nodes are painful or annoying, there are some simple home remedies which may help you deal with the issue more quickly.
The home remedies described in this section are natural and safe. They will not help in all the cases, but for sure they will bring you some relief and they do not cause any side effects. However, remember that home methods do not work so quickly as the medicines and sometimes you will see the first positive effects after a few days.
1. Warm Compress
A warm compress is one of the best solutions to swollen posterior cervical lymph nodes. It will bring you quick relief and fantastically reduce the swelling and inflammation of the lymph nodes. Moreover, if this method works for you, you can repeat it even a few times a day as the soothing effect is often only temporary.
The method is very easy to use as you only need something warm which you can apply on the affected area. It can be a wet, warm towel, a small bottle filled with warm water which you roll along your swollen lymph nodes. You can also use a special warm pack, which you can get at a pharmacy. You only put it into a microwave for a few seconds or into hot water for a few minutes and then apply it on your swollen lymph nodes.
A warm compress in a fantastic solution, but remember not to keep it for too long at a time so as not to additionally irritate the skin. Fifteen minutes should be the maximum for one session.
Massaging your swollen lymph nodes can be a great idea too. It can bring you a quick relief and may reduce the swelling. However, it is important to be gentle and not to press to intensely. Simply use your fingertips and gently massage the affected area for a few minutes. You can use your favorite essential oils for even better results.