Apart from a detailed interview and a physical examination, your doctor may also order you to do scanning with an imaging screen if he wants to have a closer look at the occipital lymph nodes which are located deeper.
An x-ray, blood and urine tests may be recommended too. If your doctor suspects a more serious condition, he might also order you to do a biopsy of the lymph node. It is a minor operation during which a small part of your lymph node is taken to be examined under a microscope.
A typical treatment for swelling and inflammation of occipital lymph nodes is antibiotics. It is usually the most effective therapy because it works quickly and prevents further spreading of the infection to other lymph nodes.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or painkillers are also used if occipital lymph nodes are painful too. In many cases, the treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the inflammation. It happens that when your lymph node is filled with pus, a surgery is needed to drain it.
Home Remedies to Swollen Occipital Lymph Nodes
If you do not know what causes the swelling or inflammation of occipital lymph nodes, you need to visit a doctor to find the cause of it. However, if it is due to an infection, there are some simple things which you can do at home to relieve the swelling, pain, and inflammation.
1. Remember About Vitamin C
If there are some problems with any of your lymph nodes, you need to strengthen your immune system and the best way to do it is by a healthy diet, which is rich in vitamin C. This compound is essential when it comes to boosting your immune system.
Therefore, make sure that you include food products with high content of vitamin C into your daily diet, such as citrus fruit, broccoli, lettuce, kale, and leafy greens.
Garlic is a great option too as it is the best possible natural antibiotic found in nature. It has amazing anti-fungal, antibacterial, and antiviral properties.
2. Apply a Compress
A compress is a fast way to relieve the pain and inflammation connected with the occipital lymph nodes. Of course, it is only an interim solution, which will not treat the cause of the problem but will bring you a quick relief.
All you need to do is apply a cold compress on your swollen lymph nodes. You may use an ice pack or a cold and wet towel. Keep the compress on the affected area for about ten minutes. You can repeat it a few times a day.
3. Use Essential Oils
Essential oils are a natural and safe solution to various health problems. Many of them not only have a beautiful smell, but also anti-viral, antibacterial, and anti-fungal qualities, and they do not cause any side effects if used in moderation.
A good choice for swollen occipital lymph nodes will be oregano oil. All you need to do is to apply a few drops of the oil on your finger tips and gently massage it into the affected area.
Another option is the mixture of tea tree oil with the equal amount of coconut oil. Just mix a few drops of each oil and gently rub it into your swollen occipital lymph nodes. You can repeat the procedure in the morning and in the evening.
4. Take Supplements
If you deal with the inflammation and swelling of your occipital lymph nodes or any other lymph nodes in your body, you should boost your immune system. Of course, a healthy diet is the best way to do it but sometimes when we are busy, it is difficult to follow a nutritious diet every day.
This is when supplements may turn out to be useful. You can use natural supplements such as Manuka honey or colloidal silver, but you can also take vitamins or minerals in pills from time to time. The key here is not to get addicted to over-the-counter supplements, but only take them once in a few months.
5. Try Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is an effective remedy to different medical problems. For swollen occipital lymph nodes you can use apple cider vinegar both internally and externally.
For the internal use dilute two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water. Drink it twice a day and you will strengthen your immune system and help it deal with the infection due to its wonderful anti-inflammatory qualities.
For the external use soak a clean cloth in apple cider vinegar and apply it on the affected lymph nodes. It should bring you a quick relief from swelling and inflammation.
6. Use Turmeric Powder
When you tackle an infection it is also a good idea to spice your meals up a little bit more than usually. For sure, you should go for turmeric powder, which can be found in curry. It is a widely known remedy to various health problems in Asian countries.