People who suffer from stage four of kidney disease often suffer from anemia too. It may be dangerous to your heart as anemia limits the oxygen flow through your body and that makes your heart work harder. Consequently, your heart starts to become thickened and enlarged, which may end up with heart failure. Anemia is usually treated with iron supplements or so called erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, which boost the production of red blood cells.
A high level of cholesterol can also lead to a stroke or a heart attack because it causes the deposits of fat in your arteries. Special medications may help to control the problem. However, in case of high cholesterol lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet or regular exercises, may be more beneficial.
Bone and mineral diseases may be dangerous to your heart too because they make your arteries stiff and narrow due to the absorption of extra calcium and phosphorus from your bones. It may disturb the flow of blood to your heart, which may lead to a heart attack. To control the disease, you need to cut down on food rich in phosphorus and calcium.
Last but not least, if you are in stage 4 of chronic kidney disease, quit smoking as soon as possible as it can seriously contribute to heart diseases development. When you smoke, you increase the risk of clots formation or lead to the blood vessels inflammation. Thus, give up this nasty habit if you really care about your health. Your doctor may suggest you some effective methods, which will help you to quit smoking quickly and permanently.
Stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease – Life Expectancy
Life expectancy in stage 4 of chronic kidney disease depends on the treatment and how seriously you take it. It is estimated that patients who don’t have dialysis treatment as this stage, don’t live longer than a year. Lack of treatment makes the pain, other symptoms, and complications more intense, which results in poor quality of life.
However, patients who have dialysis regularly and who follow their treatment plan thoroughly, have a high chance to survive for extra 2-5 years, or even more. There are cases when the body responds to the treatment so well that the progression of the disease drastically slows down or even stops for some time.
Dialysis, however, is always treated as a temporary solution, which helps to eliminate all the toxins and wastes from your body. The main aim of any treatment is to restore the normal functioning of your kidneys so that they can do all their tasks on their own.
Also, remember that if modern medicine cannot help you any more, there is always an option of a kidney transplantation. The most important is not to give up and believe that the cure for chronic kidney disease will be found soon. Being optimistic about your life and future may actually support a medical treatment in a great extent.