The feeling of a lump or swelling in the throat is known as globus sensation in medical terms. It means that you feel the lump in your throat while it is not actually there. The sensation is painless, but it might be really annoying and it is often the source of great discomfort.
Globus sensation is rarely a sign of a serious medical condition, but it is worth mentioning that the feeling of a lump in your throat should not cause any swelling difficulties. If it affects your swelling, it may be a sign of a more serious medical disorder then.
Read on and see what often causes the feeling of a lump in throat, how the problem is treated by doctors, and what the best home remedies are.
The Causes of Lump in Throat
Several factors may lead to the feeling of lump in you throat and it can happen to you at any point in your life, no matter what gender or age your are. The feeling of a lump in throat may come and go or it may be permanent. In both cases it is annoying and is the source of great discomfort.
1. Muscle Issues
You may feel a lump in your throat if your throat muscles are tense. When you do not talk or swallow, the muscles should be relaxed, but if they can’t properly relax, you may feel tension, a lump, or bump in your throat. The muscles in your throat should contract and relax in a synchronized manner, which makes you swallow without difficulties.
However, if there is some problem with your muscle coordination, it may result in a lump in throat. Interestingly, you will notice this problem mainly when trying to swallow saliva as your uncoordinated muscles will make it difficult for your to swallow it. Swallowing food will not be so difficult as different throat muscles are stimulated then.
2. Acid Reflux
It is quite common for people who deal with acid reflux to suffer from a lump in throat too. When the acids from your stomach enter your esophagus, apart from a burning feeling in your chest, you may also experience the feeling of a lump or swelling in your throat.
Additionally, when stomach acids often enter your esophagus, your throat may become irritated, which you can also feel as a lump or bump. In such a case, if you want to get rid of the problem of lump in your throat, deal with acid reflux first.
3. Postnasal Drip
If you often suffer from a sinus infection, which is accompanied by the excess mucus in your nose, it may slide down and build up in your throat. In medical terms it is known as postnasal drip. It results in a feeling of lump in your throat.
Apart from the feeling of lump, you may also feel that your throat is irritated or you may expectorate mucus, especially in the morning. Therefore, if you want to get rid of lump in your throat, go to a doctor and solve your sinus problems first.
4. Stress and Anxiety
One of the most common causes of lump in throat is stress and anxiety. Strong emotions very often trigger the globus sensation. It is probably the case if you feel a lump in the throat mainly when you feel stressed, angry, or extremely tired. You may also experience it after some stressful or traumatic events.
The anxiety is probably the cause of the feeling of lump in your throat if it comes and goes, if it is not accompanied by any pain or swallowing difficulties, or if you have recently experienced a panic attack of a stressful event.
You need to be aware that, despite being annoying, the lump in your throat caused by anxiety is not dangerous and you do not have to be worried that it will cause any breathing or swallowing difficulties. However, if you want to get rid of the feeling of lump in your throat, you need to deal with the problem of anxiety first.
5. Other Causes
Globus sensation is usually nothing dangerous and it does not lead to any serious complications. However, there are cases when the feeling of lump in your throat may be the consequence of some more serious medical disorders.
They include such diseases as myotonic dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, polymyositis, or some tumors in your neck or upper chest. These conditions, however, usually lead to swallowing difficulties or other worrying symptoms too.
Lump in Throat – When to See a Doctor
If the feeling of lump in your throat is the only symptom which you have been experiencing, it is rarely a sign of a serious condition. However, you should consult the problem with a doctor if the feeling of lump in your throat is so annoying that it makes it difficult for you to perform everyday activities, such as working or sleeping.