Lower abdominal pain in women is quite common as it can be caused by a number of factors. The diagnosis often depends on the type of pain, which can be mild but constant or incidental but severe, and on the other accompanying symptoms.
Learn what the most common causes of lower abdominal pain in women are, try some simple and natural home remedies, and see when you should consult the issue with your doctor.
The Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain in Women
The pain in your lower abdomen may be a sign of various medical problems. Some of them are trivial and you can easily deal with them on your own at home. Others may require a medical treatment or some additional tests for a proper diagnosis.
In general, lower abdominal pain may suggest problems with your digestive tract, urinary system, or reproductive organs. Read about the most common causes of lower abdominal pain in women and detect the culprit of your problem.
1. Digestive System Causes
Problems with your digestive system may cause quite a lot of pain with indigestion being one of the most common reasons of it. It’s probably the case if you feel pain in your lower abdomen mainly after a meal, when your stomach produces more acid.
Gastric acids may easily irritate not only your stomach but also your esophagus and bowel. The pain which results from indigestion is often described as the feeling of discomfort or a burning sensation in your lower abdomen. Symptoms which often accompany indigestion include nausea, bloating, and heartburn.
Lower abdominal pain in women or men may also be a consequence of some problems with your large intestine also known as bowel. If apart from the pain in your lower abdomen, you also feel pain while pooing, you bleed when you poo, your bowel habit has suddenly changed, or you suffer from frequent diarrheas followed by the periods of constipation, it suggests bowel issues.
Also, the pain which is caused by your bowel is usually crampy and comes in waves. The most common conditions which may affect your bowel include irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease. However, any worrying symptoms connected with your bowel should be examined by a doctor as in rare cases the above described symptoms may be a sign of colorectal cancer.
If apart from lower abdominal pain you also feel the pain in your lower back, it may suggest the inflammation of your pancreas. It’s an organ that takes part in the production of hormones and enzymes, which are essential for the digestion process. Similarly, the inflammation or swelling of your gallbladder may lead to severe pain in the lower abdomen.
2. Urinary System Causes
Pain in the lower abdomen may also arise from your urinary system. The most common condition connected with this area is an infection of urinary tract. Typical signs include a burning sensation while urinating and going to the toilet more frequently.
If you ignore the symptoms and leave the infection untreated, it may spread to your kidneys too. In such a case you will also feel pain in your lower back, you may have fever, and generally feel unwell.
Pain which results from kidney stones may radiate to you lower abdomen as well. The pain is really severe, you may have problem with urinating or notice blood in your urine. It’s a condition which requires a medical consultation.
3. Reproductive Organs Causes
As you are a woman, it’s likely that pain in your lower abdomen may result from your reproductive organs. Of course, most commonly this type of pain happens before a menstrual period. It varies from a mild feeling of discomfort to severe and crampy pain.
You should be able to deal with the menstruation pain with home remedies or over-the-counter painkillers. Otherwise, you should visit a doctor who will detect the cause of such strong pain. In medical terms menstrual cramps are known as dysmenorrhea.
Dysmenorrhea gives a number of unpleasant symptoms, which apart from lower abdominal pain, include pain in the lower back, headaches, dizziness, nausea, and loose stools. Sometimes, however, similar symptoms may be the signs of endometriosis. The condition occurs when the lining which should grow inside your uterus grows outside it.
Endometriosis may be very dangerous, especially for young women, because if left undiagnosed and untreated for a long time, it may lead to infertility. Your doctor may suspect endometriosis when your periods are very heavy, you notice blood spots between your periods, when you feel pain during or after sex, and when the bowel movement or urinating while menstruation are painful for you.
Ovarian cysts are a common problem too. They may be described as sacs which are filled with fluid and are located on or in the ovary. When cysts are small they are usually painless and often disappear on their own. However, when they grow big, they may cause a number of unpleasant symptoms.