Keloid scars may have a negative impact on our self-esteem as they look unattractive and are often troublesome. There are some medical treatments that may help you eliminate them, but you can also go for various, natural, home remedies, which are effective too.
The Definition of Keloid Scars
It’s very easy to recognize a keloid scar as it’s a touchable, pink or red, round spot on our skin. A keloid scar is often itchy or the area of the skin is more sensitive to touch. It may appear quite suddenly or develop slowly over the years.
A keloid scar develops as a consequence of different skin conditions, irritations, or injuries. Therefore, you may get a keloid scar after a vaccination, chicken pox, acne, piercing, a burn or cut, or even an insect bite. Unfortunately, it hasn’t been clearly identified yet what exactly causes formation of this type of scars.
There is one theory according to which a keloid scar develops because of the excessive growth of collagen on the affected areas of our skin. When some damage to the top layer of your skin happens, collagen must develop in this place because only then your skin can recover. Unfortunately, sometimes too much collagen grows, which you can see on your skin as a keloid scar.
Keloid scars might also be a matter of genetics so if any of your relatives has been dealing with them, you may get them too. Also, people with a dark complexion are in the risk group as they develop keloid scars more often than people with a fair complexion.
The Best Home Remedies to Get Rid of Keloid Scars
There are several ways to get rid of keloid scars at home, using only natural ingredients. However, you need to realize that if you want these methods to be effective, you will have to be persistent and patient.
If you follow the procedures every day, sometimes even several times a day, you should notice the first results after a few months. The great advantage of home remedies is that they are natural, safe, and cheap.
If after a few months you won’t be satisfied with the effect, you may turn to medical options, such as laser or injections. Remember, though, that they are quite expensive and they may cause some side effects. Thus, have a look at home remedies first.
1. Massage And Compression
The simplest and the cheapest method ever as all you need is your fingers. Massaging your keloid scar may improve poor blood circulation, which might also be the reason for scars development. What’s more, when you massage your skin, you remove dead skin cells from it, which may prevent keloid scars in the future.
Simply massage your keloid scar on your own as often as you can. It will be easier and even more effective if you do it with the use of special essential oils. Massage the affected skin area with gentle, circular moves.
If your scar is located in a place with difficult access, ask somebody for help. A keloid scar may not disappear completely, but it should fade a little bit and shouldn’t grow.
A similar method to massaging is known as compression. If you do it regularly, blood circulation will improve and the scar tissue will break up. You just need to buy a special compression bandage or earring and follow the instruction. Your keloid scar should be visibly smaller after some time.
For sure you will find a popular Aspirin somewhere in your drawer as it’s a common solution to flu or headaches. Apparently, it can also help you get rid of keloid scars when used externally on the skin.
Prepare three or four Aspirin tablets and crush them in order to get powder. Add to it a little bit of water to get a thick paste. Moisturize your skin with a drop of some oil, such as coconut oil or tee tree oil. Now, place the aspirin mixture on the keloid scar and leave it until it dries. Rinse it off with warm water. You should do it once a day until you are happy with the results.
Sandalwood powder is a wonderful solution to various skin problems. Thus, it can also help you with keloid scars. It has amazing soothing and regenerating qualities, but it can also clean your skin effectively.
You need to mix it with some liquid to obtain a paste and the best choice will be rose water, which is beneficial for your skin as well. Apply the mixture on your keloid scar and wait until it dries when you can rinse it off with warm mater. You will notice the first positive effects after a few months of a regular use.
Honey may effectively help you reduce keloid scars because it’s a wonderful humectant and a natural moisturizer. It will improve the blood circulation, clean your skin from dead skin cells and prevent the collagen overgrowth.
You only need to apply some honey on your keloid scars, massage it gently so that your skin will absorb it better and after ten minutes wash it off with warm water. It’s extremely important, though, to have top quality honey from an ecological source, which doesn’t contain any artificial substances. Otherwise, honey therapy may not be as effective.
5. Olive Oil
Olive oil is a natural peeling due to its high level of acidity. It also contains a lot of vitamin E and K, which will make your skin soft and well-moisturized. When used regularly, olive oil will break up the scar tissue and smooth its texture.
You may simply apply some olive oil directly on your skin. Massage it gently with circular moves until your skin will fully absorb it. Remember, though, that you will have to repeat the process a few times a day to see the results.
Another option is to prepare peeling with olive oil mixed with baking soda. Mix the ingredients in such a way that they form a thick paste. Massage your keloid scar with the mixture for about ten minutes and after that time wash it off with warm water. If your follow the procedure every day, you should see that after a few weeks your keloid scars will fade.
You may have noticed that an onion is the main ingredient of many creams for scars, which you can buy at the pharmacy. However, you may prepare your own remedy from onions, which can wonderfully control the development of collagen on your skin.
Prepare a few onions, peel them and cut them in thick pieces. Tie them in a cheesecloth and put them in a bowl. Now take something which you can press the onion with. It can be a smaller bowl, which you will press over the cheesecloth. This way you will get the onion juice.
Massage the onion juice into your keloid scar with the use of a cotton pad or a cotton ball. When it dries, rinse it off with warm water thoroughly as it can be quite smelly. Repeat it even a few times a day until you get satisfactory results.
It’s believed that one of the main causes of keloid scars formation is fibroblast proliferation and some studies have proved that garlic may prevent this process. What’s more, garlic may also be helpful if your keloid scar is reddish or itchy as it can reduce inflammation and it’s a natural antibiotic.
You just need to prepare about three cloves of fresh garlic and crush them. Put them on your keloid scars, wrap them with a bandage and stay like that for about fifteen minutes. Then wash your skin with warm water and apply some moisturizing cream or lotion on your skin.
Garlic, however, has a very intensive smell so wash it off thoroughly. Some people are allergic to garlic or it causes some skin irritation. In this case, don’t use this remedy. However, if you do use garlic, you may notice that your keloid scars are lighter and smaller after about a month.
8. Lavender Oil
If your keloid scar is fresh, lavender essential oil may turn out to be very effective. It may fantastically regenerate and smooth your skin. You may notice that your scar became softer after the first application only.
Just soak a cotton ball in the lavender oil and massage your skin for around fifteen minutes. Repeat the process twice a day for better results.
You may also mix the lavender oil with other oils for more powerful effect. The best choice will be calendula or coconut oil. If you go for the latter one, warm it up a little bit so it becomes liquid. Rub the mixture into your keloid scars with circular moves and wash it off with warm water after about twenty minutes.
9. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar may be a successful remedy to keloid scars as it can naturally clean and peel them. The scars will be smaller and less red. If you use it regularly, you will see that your skin is much softer and scars have faded.
The application of apple cider vinegar is very easy. You just need to massage it gently into the affected skin area. Leave it until your skin absorbs it. Once your skin dries, apply another layer. Repeat it a few times. If you are persistent and repeat the process every day, the first results should be visible after one month.
10. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera may solve many skin-related problems as it’s a wonderful moisturizer and it fantastically regenerates irritated skin. Aloe Vera, however, works really well when applied on fresh scars. Thus, it may not be effective if your scar is older than a year.
The best way to use Aloe Vera is by cutting its leaf and obtaining some gel from it. Simply rub the gel into your keloid scar. You can even apply thicker layer as your skin will absorb it. You can easily do it a few times a day as you don’t have to wash the gel off. The first results should be visible after just a few days.
11. Lemon Juice
You may have heard that lemon has bleaching qualities, therefore it can also fade your keloid scars too. It’s a widely known fact that lemon is rich in vitamin C and because of that it’s an amazing antioxidant that may reduce different kinds of scars. However, it works really well with mild scars.
All you need to do is squeeze one fresh lemon to obtain some juice. Massage the juice into your keloid scars and after around thirty minutes clean the skin with warm water. You should notice the first results after a month if you do it twice a day.
Vitamin C promotes the collagen formation and it boosts the growth of tissue. Therefore, you should not only use lemon juice externally, but you should also drink it every day for even better results.
12. Baking Soda
Baking soda is probably the best natural peeling as it can successfully remove dead cells and dirt from your skin. It also promotes the formation of a new skin layer, which is helpful in reducing keloid scars.
Mix one teaspoon of baking soda with three teaspoons of hydrogen peroxide. It should have the texture of a thick paste. Apply the mixture on your keloid scars for around fifteen minutes. After that time rinse it off with warm water.
The method can bring really positive results, but you need to use it four times a day. You should see the difference after a month.
Keloid Scars And Medical Treatments
If your keloid scars are so large and visible that home remedies don’t work or you are simply unsatisfied with the results or too impatient to wait a few months for satisfactory effects, you can always consult your doctor about this matter.
He will recommend you surgical and nonsurgical ways to get rid of keloid scars. Medical treatments are also the only option for scars which are older than a year as home remedies may not work with them.
Your doctor may offer you steroid injections, which are applied directly into the tissue of your scar. This method, however, is especially useful in case your scar is itchy or causes some discomfort. It may, of course, reduce its redness or make the scar less visible, but it’s not the main aim of the method.
Cryotherapy is another option, which may help you reduce keloid scars. They become less thick as the tissue of the scars is frozen during the cryotherapy session. It may also prevent forming further keloid scars in the future. The method, however, works best with thin and relatively fresh scars.
It’s also important that an experienced professional performs cryotherapy as otherwise your skin may get burnt, which leads to the damage of healthy tissue too and that can make your scar even bigger.
Some doctors recommend radiation therapy as the best way to eliminate keloid scars. Others, however, point out that radiation may lead to cancer, which fortunately hasn’t been proved by any studies. It’s only important to protect healthy tissues.
Keloid scars can also be removed surgically, but the operation usually needs to be combined with other, accompanying treatments as the surgery itself may lead to formation of new scars. Therefore, most doctors prescribe a special cream after the operation, which significantly shortens the recovery process and prevents forming new scars in the future. You will probably have to use it for about eight weeks after the surgery.
Of course, there are also less invasive methods available. Your doctor may offer you a cream known as silicone dioxide. You may get it in the form of a pad, gel, or special silicone sheets.
Whatever option you choose, you will have to apply it on your keloid scars as any other creams. If you use it regularly, the scar maybe won’t disappear completely, but for sure it will be less red and much softer.
On the market you can also get special scar-reducing creams. Most of them contain a compound known as allium cepa, which is considered to be one of the best substances for keloid scars reduction.
You have to be persistent, though, as you will have to apply it on your skin twice a day for a few weeks before you see the first positive effects. It’s easy to use as you only need to rub it into your skin after washing.
Scar-reducing dressings are another interesting option. They are in the form of cloth covering which you apply on the skin. It will make you scar less visible and it will prevent it from further growing. During the first application you may experience some itching, but once your skin gets used to it, the discomfort will go away.
A therapy with a tretinoin medication is also available. The substance is often used to treat acne, but various studies have shown that it can also be helpful in reducing keloid scars. Doctors often combine it with steroid therapies for an even better effect.
Silicone sheeting is worth trying too. When regularly applied on the skin it can significantly reduce the thickness and roughness of the keloid scars. It will also prevent the bacteria growth and help you in case of itching. It’s a great moisturizer too. Silicone sheeting, however, can’t be used for fresh scars with visible cuts or wounds.
Before you decide to any treatment, ask your doctor about it. He will discuss them with you, present you pros and cons of every solution and you will together decide which option is the best for you.
Keloid Scars And Piercing
It happens that a keloid scar develops as a result of piercing. Therefore, if you had any piercing done and your hole is already healed, but you can observe some red or pink skin there, it might be the start of a keloid scar formation.
The first thing you need to do in such a case is to come back to your body piercer. If he’s a professional, he should examine your skin thoroughly and diagnose it. You need to go to a dermatologist at once, if he says that you’re dealing with a keloid scar.
Remove all the jewelry pieces from your piercing before the visit at a dermatologist’s. You will also have to answer the questions about the time and place of your piercing so prepare all the information that may turn out to be useful.
Tell the doctor if you suffered from any unpleasant side effects right after the piercing, such as bleeding, swelling, redness, or itching. Observe your keloid scar to see if it changes its size or appearance. If you react quickly and give your doctor all the necessary information, for sure he will offer you the best therapy to get rid of your keloid scar fast.
How to Prevent Keloid Scars
It’s difficult to prevent keloid scars as actually every person can get it at some point. However, you can take some measures if your know that you are in the risk group.
People with a dark complexion, for example, develop keloid scars more easily. Therefore, it’s a common condition of Asians or Hispanics. Pregnant women and people under thirty are also more at risk of developing keloid scars.
Often, it’s a matter of genetics too. Thus, if any of your relatives deals with this problem, you may get it as well. Keloid scars usually form on the chest, on the cheeks, earlobes, and shoulders.
If you know that you may develop a keloid scar, always inform your doctor about it before any operation. Also, if it’s possible, avoid surgeries, skin injuries, and piercings.
Once you inform your doctor about your issue, he will probably start a treatment just after the operation to prevent a keloid scar growth. In case of ears piercing, you should try so called pressure earrings, which will prevent scarring.