Hypertension, more commonly known as high blood pressure, is a health problem of our ages. Because of unhealthy habits, such as a poor diet or lack of physical activities, high blood pressure is diagnosed more and more commonly.
When you measure your blood pressure, you get two numbers – a top one and a bottom one. The former one is known as the systolic measurement while the latter one is called the diastolic measurements. Both numbers show the actions of your heart and both of them may tell you a lot about your health.
If you suffer from diastolic blood pressure, it means that your bottom number is too high. Read the article and find out what the symptoms and causes of diastolic hypertension are, what medical treatment you can expect, and how you can deal with the problem at home.
What Does High Diastolic Blood Pressure Mean
Diastolic number measures your blood pressure when your heart relaxes while systolic number shows blood pressure while your heart is contracting. Healthy diastolic blood pressure ranges between 60 to 80 mmHg. When it’s higher than 90 mmHg we can talk about a condition known as diastolic hypertension or high diastolic blood pressure.
Diastolic hypertension is a signal that your blood vessels got weaker and less flexible. When that happens some obstruction or rupture of your blood vessels is more likely to happen and it results in high diastolic blood pressure.
High diastolic pressure itself is not maybe so dangerous, but it usually leads to high systolic blood pressure as well. That, in consequence, may result in very serious health problems, such as heart failure, stroke, or diabetes.
When we talk about high pressure, we identify primary and secondary hypertension. The former one can develop over years, without giving any symptoms, and its cause is often difficult to identify. The latter one occurs suddenly, mainly as a result of some illness.
What Are The Symptoms of High Diastolic Blood Pressure
Blood pressure, especially the primary one, is often called an asymptomatic disease, which means that it often doesn’t give any symptoms for long years. Secondary blood pressure, however, is often caused by some underlying condition and therefore can give more symptoms too.
Primary hypertension may develop over years and not give any symptoms, but it can lead to other health problems, which may give some unpleasant signs. The alarming symptoms which you shouldn’t ignore include unexplained headaches, dizziness, increased sweating and sweating at night. Sleeping difficulties, heart palpitations, nose bleeding, blurred vision, or nausea may also indicate that you’ve been dealing with high diastolic blood pressure.
It’s estimated that healthy blood pressure fluctuates around 120/80 mmHg, however, it also depends on your age and gender. Diastolic blood pressure which is higher than 90mmHg is a sign of diastolic hypertension. As high blood pressure sometimes doesn’t give any worrying symptoms for a long time, it’s extremely important to measure your blood pressure regularly, even if you feel fine.
What Are The Causes of High Diastolic Blood Pressure
There are various causes of high diastolic blood pressure with primary hypertension being the most common one. It’s often diagnosed among young adults and is often caused by genetical or environmental factors. Therefore, if your close relatives suffer from high diastolic blood pressure, you are at a higher risk too.
Hormonal imbalances are often to blame as well with thyroid gland being a number one hormonal cause of high diastolic blood pressure. It’s a problem especially among women, thus, if you have some worrying symptoms, that’s one of the first things you should check.
It may sound surprising, but kidney problems may lead to diastolic blood pressure too. For example, renal failure often results in diastolic hypertension so if you deal with this condition, check your blood pressure on a regular basis.
Your weight is a key factor too when it comes to healthy blood pressure. Obesity is a very common cause of high diastolic blood pressure as your heart simply has to put more power into pumping your heart. What’s more, when you are obese, you may have accumulated a lot cholesterol over years, which narrows your arteries.
Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which you suffer from regular episodes of breathing cessation at night. The statistics show that people who suffer from sleep apnea often have high diastolic blood pressure too. This health problem, however, often accompanies obesity so probably those two factors are connected.
Poor diet also leads to high diastolic blood pressure. If you regularly consume fatty, over-processed food, you can quickly develop a high level of cholesterol, which narrows or even damages your delicate blood vessels and that may lead to diastolic hypertension.
Similarly, smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol are enemies of your heart too. It has been proved that nicotine increases your heart rate but decreases the level of oxygen that goes into your heart, and that is a quick way to high blood pressure.