If you’ve got an impression that your gums are swollen and sensitive, causing the feeling of discomfort, or you have noticed blood on you toothbrush while brushing your teeth, it’s probable that you’ve been suffering from gingivitis. It’s a condition that quite commonly may affect your gums. Find out what the symptoms and causes are and learn how you can deal with gingivitis naturally and quickly.
The Definition of Gingivitis
Gingivitis in the inflammation of gums that surround your teeth. Actually, three stages of gums inflammation may be recognized with the gingivitis being the mildest form as it only affects your gums.
Two other, more advanced stages, are known as periodontitis and advanced periodontitis and they are much more difficult to cure. You may get them when you leave gingivitis untreated for a long time.
A lot of people are even not aware that they developed gingivitis in their oral cavity as, especially in the early stage, it’s painless. You should treat it, though, as it has been scientifically proved that gingivitis may be dangerous for pregnant women and it can lead to other serious diseases, such as diabetes, heart attack, or a lung disease.
Therefore, if you want to have healthy teeth and oral cavity, you must take some measures in order to cure gingivitis and prevent it in the future.
The Causes of Gingivitis
Gingivitis develops in your mouth when too much plaque builds up in your mouth. Plaque, on the other hand, occurs if you don’t brush and floss your teeth thoroughly enough. What’s more, if there is a lot of plaque in your mouth, it transforms into tartar, a substance which is much harder that plaque.
Therefore, the main cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. Tartar usually grows at the base of the teeth and that irritates your gums. In consequence your gums create even more space and a vicious circle starts as more plaque accumulates on the top of the tartar. Because of that your delicate gum tissue becomes even more irritated.
Another cause of gingivitis is some hormonal changes in our organism. Thus, gums inflammation often develops during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause. Some women even suffer from it during their menstruation. Probably a hormonal imbalance in our organism makes our gums more sensitive so they can be attacked by the disease more easily.
Sometimes it’s genetics to blame so if your relatives have struggled with the problem, you are also in the risk group. More often, however, it’s our unhealthy lifestyle that leads to gums inflammation.
Remember that your bad habits can create in your mouth a good environment for various bacteria. Thus, if you eat a lot of sweets, you smoke, or drink too much alcohol, your gum tissue doesn’t have enough time to regenerate and gingivitis may develop more easily.
Our oral cavity needs a proper amount of saliva for proper functioning as it can naturally clean and protect our gums and teeth. Some medicines, however, can disturb the formation and flow of the saliva, making the gums more susceptible to gingivitis. They include anti-angina drugs and anticonvulsants.
Gingivitis may also develop more easily if your immune system is weakened by some serious diseases, such as cancer or HIV.
The Symptoms of Gingivitis
The problem with gingivitis is that it often doesn’t give any symptoms and people are sometimes even not aware that they developed it. Thus, even if you don’t feel any pain, you should regularly observe your gums and teeth to notice other signs of the disease.
However, there are some symptoms which you may experience. If you suffer from gingivitis, you may observe blood on your toothbrush while and after brushing your teeth. Your gums may also be sensitive to cold or heat, be red or swollen .
Bad breath and unpleasant taste in mouth are other common symptoms of gingivitis. In a more advanced stage you may also observe shifting and loose teeth, pus around your gums and teeth, receding gums, formation of pockets between teeth and gums.
Of course, if you visit your dentist regularly, he will recognize gingivitis at once, even if you don’t notice any symptoms. The dentist will examine if your gums are firm enough, and if they bleed or are swollen. He will also check if there isn’t too much space between your gums and teeth.
You shouldn’t postpone the visit at your dentist’s as he will also check if your teeth are properly aligned and if your teeth aren’t loose. He will also detect if any breakdown of bone around your teeth occurred. Your doctor will inform you if your gingivitis is in an early or advanced stage too.
How to Get Rid of Gingivitis
If you suspect that gingivitis has developed in your mouth, you should consult a doctor. There are, however, various methods which you can try at home. It’s always worth giving them a chance as they are cheap, natural, and safe. In many cases they may turn out to be very effective, especially if you combine them with a dental treatment, which your doctor will recommend you.
It’s probably the easiest, the cheapest and at the same time the most effective home remedy to gingivitis. Salt is a natural antiseptic with amazing antibacterial properties. It can successfully reduce swelling and inflammation of the gums as well as stop the growth of bacteria in your oral cavity.