Using coconut oil is very safe and the more regularly you use it, the more effective it becomes. Therefore, you can apply it on your skin even a few times a week.
10. Apple Cider Vinegar
Another ingredient popular in your kitchen appears to be a great remedy for cystic acne too. Apple cider vinegar will balance the acidity of your skin, it will kill the acne bacteria, remove excess dirt, and dissolve dead skin cells.
Remember, though, that you should be careful while buying apple cider vinegar. You need to be sure that it’s organic, unfiltered, and unpasteurized. You should be able to find brownish strand floating in your vinegar. It might look gross, but it’s actually the essence of the vinegar.
There are two ways to use apple cider vinegar on your cystic acne. You can simply pour a few drops of it on a cotton pad or cotton ball and apply it on the affected areas of your skin. After a few minutes wash it off with warm water.
If apple cider vinegar applied directly on your skin seems too strong for you or irritates your skin, dilute a few drops of it in a small amount of warm water and then apply it on your cysts.
Medical Solutions for Cystic Acne
It’s always advisable to use home methods for treating cystic acne as they are not only effective, but also they don’t cause any serious side effects.
However, if you notice that despite the fact that you follow the techniques regularly, they don’t work and you become more and more frustrated, don’t hesitate to contact your dermatologist. Nowadays, there are a few medical options, which can help you get rid of or control cystic acne.
If you’ve just started your struggle with cystic acne, your doctor will probably recommend you an antibiotics therapy. For many years it was considered to be the most effective method to fight acne. Unfortunately, as we tend to overuse antibiotics, bacteria became resistant to them and they are not so powerful any longer.
Antibiotics will probably help you, but unfortunately in many cases the problem often returns after some time. You must also be aware that you will have to take antibiotics for acne for several weeks or even months and that may cause some potential side effects.
Women aren’t allowed to get pregnant while taking antibiotics or later they might experience some complications with pregnancy. Your liver might get damaged or your skin may develop photosensitivity. Thus, antibiotics must be only taken under your dermatologist’s control.
The most commonly prescribed antibiotics for all types of acne are: tetracycline, doxycycline, and minocycline.
2. Hormonal Treatments (for Women Only)
Cystic acne is often caused by some hormonal imbalance. Therefore, some doctors recommend the birth control pills or anti-androgen drugs to eliminate the acne problem. In fact, they often turn out to be effective, but you need to be aware of some potential side effects.
It’s of course obvious that you can’t choose this method if you’re planning to get pregnant. You must also know that after you stop taking birth control pills, it still may take months before you get pregnant. Moreover, some women experience problems with menstrual cycle, have tender breasts, feel dizzy or tired, and have sleeping difficulties.
3. Topical Retinoids
If other methods haven’t worked and your acne is moderate or severe, your dermatologist may recommend you topical retinoids. They will unplug your clogged pores so that other drugs can come in and fight the bacteria responsible for acne.
The most commonly prescribed topical retinoids are adapalene, tazarotene, and tretinoin. The second one can’t be used by women who are pregnant or breastfeed. The last one is usually started with a lower dose and then ramped up.
What you need to be aware of is that your skin may look worse at the beginning of therapy with topical retinoids. Your skin might be red, dry, or it can peel. Also, some more cysts may appear. However, after a few weeks, it will only get better.
4. Oral Retinoids
Oral or systemic retinoids are considered to be an extremely effective and permanent method of eliminating cystic acne. The most widely known oral retinoid is isotretinoin also called Accutane. The therapy with isotretinoin is quite long as you will have to take it orally for at least six months to even a year. It is also the only possible way, which can actually “cure” your acne forever.
However, there is one strong “but” against this method. Mainly, it can cause quite a lot of side effects. The list is long as you can experience depression, deafness, or bowel disease. Also, no matter what, you can’t get pregnant during the therapy as there is a high risk of birth defects or miscarriage. For those reasons your doctor will only recommend you isotretinoin after years of unsuccessful battles against acne.
5. Laser Therapy
A few years ago laser therapy was used mainly for reducing scars caused by cystic acne, but now it’s actually used also to reduce cystic acne. Laser can burn away the follicle sac or the sebaceous gland, which is responsible for producing oil. It can also kill the acne bacteria by oxygenating them.