Explosive or severe diarrhea does not happen often, but when it does, it is the source of great pain and suffering. According to the World Health Organization diarrhea happens when there are three or more loose stools during a day.
Read on and find out what the most common causes of explosive diarrhea are and how you can treat this embarrassing problem quickly from the comfort of your home and when you should seek medical care.
The Symptoms of Explosive Diarrhea
Explosive diarrhea for sure will keep you at home or more specifically in your toilet. This type of diarrhea is very intense as the stools appear uncontrollably and forcefully. They are loose or watery and appear several or even a dozen times a day.
Additionally, you may also pass gas loudly and experience very active bowel sounds. The bowel movement may be painful and you can feel discomfort after of before it. Also, you may feel abdominal pain or cramps. The length of the explosive diarrhea depends on its underlying cause.
Explosive diarrhea may be accompanied by other symptoms too. They depend on the underlying cause of your diarrhea. For example, your stools may become bloody or black, you may have a fever or experience pain in different part of your stomach.
The Causes of Explosive Diarrhea
Explosive diarrhea may be only an incidental experience or a chronic condition. Have a look at the most common causes of explosive or severe diarrhea.
1. Stomach Flu
Infectious diarrhea, which is informally known as stomach flu, is a viral condition that leads to a number of unpleasant symptoms. Stomach flu usually starts quite suddenly and very quickly causes fever, pain in the abdomen, intense vomiting, nausea, and explosive diarrhea.
Stomach flu spreads very quickly from person to person so usually when one member of a family gets it, other members develop it too. Stomach flu is also a common condition of school students, nursing homes, or hospitals.
The most common types of stomach viruses include various types of rotavirus and norovirus.
The condition is very unpleasant and makes the sufferer exhausted, but it usually lasts only two or three days and does not lead to any serious complications. Resting for a few days and getting hydrated are usually enough to fully recover.
The condition is quite common among children and in their case it may become dangerous as children dehydrate very quickly and they do not understand the importance of replenishing the fluids regularly. Therefore, if your child has the symptoms of stomach flu, you should consult a doctor.
2. Bacterial Infection
The most common bacteria that lead to diarrhea are E.coli and salmonella. They usually come from contaminated water or food and they very quickly irritate the delicate lining of your bowels. In case of a bacterial infection diarrhea is usually preceded by abdominal pain, intense vomiting, and nausea.
While you can usually deal with viral infections on your own, you should consult a doctor immediately if you suspect a bacterial infection.
Some people are not aware that they are sensitive or intolerant to certain food products, most often lactose, gluten, fructose, and sorbitol. If that happens, but you continue to consume these compounds, you may develop a chronic condition known as malabsorption.
Your digestive system cannot absorb some of the compounds when there is some abnormality in the structure of your bowel, when you lack some of the digestive enzymes, or as a side effect of certain medicines.
The good news, however, is that once you find out that you are intolerant to some food compound and eliminate it from your life, you will also get rid of the explosive diarrhea problem.
Explosive diarrhea may also be caused by certain medicines, including laxatives, chemotherapy drugs, acid reflux drugs, and antibiotics. This is why you should always take probiotics along with antibiotics as it will protect the lining of your stomach from the side effects.
If you suspect that your explosive diarrhea is the result of taking some medicines, you should consult a doctor. Do not change the recommended dosage of the medicine or do not stop taking the drug on your own.
5. Parasitic Infection
Parasites such as cryptosporidium or giardia lamblia may lead to explosive diarrhea, especially among people whose immune system is weakened. The most common parasites can be found in food, contaminated water, or swimming pools.
Parasites spread very quickly, particularly when there is a contact between your mouth and feces. Therefore, it is extremely important to wash your hands after using the toilet or after you change a diaper to your baby.
6. Bowel Diseases
People who suffer from different bowel diseases, such as celiac disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, or inflammatory bowel disease may experience explosive diarrhea too. Some bowel diseases are difficult to fully cure, but they may be controlled by taking medicines or following your doctor’s dietary recommendations.