Dandruff and dry scalp are probably two the most common hair problems. Most of us don’t see the difference between them while in fact they are two separate conditions with different causes, symptoms, and ways of treatment.
If your scalp is itchy all the time or you deal with the unattractive white flakes on your hair, or maybe you have both problems, you should first understand your condition, differentiate between dandruff and dry scalp and learn how to get rid of it and how to prevent it in the future.
What Is Dandruff?
Dandruff may be described as white flakes that accumulate in the scalp area. The flakes are usually greasy and waxy in the whitish and yellowish shades. The flakes are usually quite large and in reality they are skin cells which built up on your scalp.
Additionally, your scalp may be itchy and you keep scratching it. The skin may also be reddish, oily, and scaly – a symptom difficult to observe if you have thick hair.
In case of dandruff for sure you find the flakes on your shoulders, brush, or comb. They are also difficult to remove from your scalp and they have a certain smell. Pick some of the flakes on your fingers and check it.
Dandruff is usually caused by certain types of fungus, bacteria, or yeast that are present on your scalp. Also, it often occurs when your scalp is too oily and as, for example yeast, feed with oil, more and more dandruff accumulates. Dandruff, however, may also cause drying up of the scalp and that’s why the two conditions are often mistaken and people are often confused about them.
What Are The Causes of Dandruff?
There are various factors which may lead to dandruff development. Many of them are connected with your daily routines so if you want to deal with the problem permanently, you will probably have to introduce some changes into your habits.
Firstly, your diet is often to blame. If it lacks vitamins and minerals and instead it’s full of processed food products, fat, fast food, or sugar, it’s highly probable that you deal with the problem of dandruff.
Dandruff may also be a genetical problem. Therefore, if any of your relatives have dealt with this troublesome condition, you are in the risk group as well.
A quite common cause of dandruff is hormonal imbalance. This problem, however, usually causes also some other symptoms than dandruff only. These include irregular periods if you’re a woman, weight problems, or excessive sweating. If this is your case, you will probably have to take some prescribed medicines to balance your hormones.
It’s difficult to believe, but quite a common cause of dandruff is too much stress and tiredness. If you don’t sleep well or you constantly sleep less than eight hours, you may have found the answer to your problem with dandruff. Similarly, if you live under constant stress and can’t relax, dandruff and other conditions may bother you.
Dandruff may also appear when your health is generally poor and you deal with some other illnesses or your immune system is weakened. Then, dandruff is just an accompanying symptom of some other medical condition.
The majority of people, however, who suffer from dandruff don’t take proper care of their hair and scalp. A common problem is using a shampoo and conditioner, which is not good for our hair type or we use too much of it and we don’t remove it thoroughly. As a result, the residue of shampoo or conditioner may lead to dandruff development.
In general, if you want to be free from dandruff, you need to keep your scalp clean. That means that you must wash your hair frequently and don’t let it become greasy. Similarly, don’t use too much of styling products as they may irritate the delicate skin on your scalp and in consequence lead to dandruff. Let your hair rest from cosmetics from time to time.
It’s possible that you are sure that the problem you’ve been dealing with is dandruff. You may have even identified the cause of it. However, it’s also possible that the above description doesn’t fully reflect your symptoms. In such a case, it’s probable that you suffer from dry scalp, a condition often mistaken with dandruff.
What Is Dry Scalp
Dry scalp is similar to dandruff as the conditions have similar symptoms. In case of dry scalp, however, the problem is often periodical and not permanent as it usually happens with dandruff. For example, you may get it with the weather change or when you travel to a place where there’s a completely different climate from the one you’re used to.
Dry scalp is actually more common and most of people who think that deal with dandruff, actually have dry scalp. Dry scalp also causes white flakes on the scalp, but they are small and you will rather find them close to your scalp only and not on your hair. Your scalp may also be itchy and you may find dry patches of skin also on other parts of your body.
What Are The Causes of Dry Scalp
There are various reasons which may cause dry scalp. You can’t have any influence on some of them, but there are also a few which are connected with your daily routines.