All you need to do is compress the affected blood vessel with your finger. Remember, though, to wash your hands first to prevent the injury contamination.
2. Clean the Area
Once you apply pressure on the blown vein, clean the skin thoroughly to avoid infection. Do it with a cotton pad soaked in a special antibacterial liquid. You can repeat it even a few times a day. Disinfection is extremely important in any kind of an injury, including a blown vein.
3. Use Ice Pack
When you put pressure on your blown vein and disinfect the area with the antibacterial liquid, apply an ice pack to your blown vein. It will quickly reduce the bruising, inflammation, and swelling.
You can use a special ice pack which you will get at the pharmacy or simply use a few ice cubes or frozen vegetables wrapped in a soft cloth. Apply it on the skin and keep it for a few minutes, but ten minutes should be maximum. Otherwise, it may cause further irritation of the skin.
4. Saline Washout
A saline washout is used to confirm that your vein is blown or when extravasation appeared. Extravasation means that a toxic medicine has been mistakenly applied into the tissue. In order to flush out the toxic chemicals a saline washout may be performed.
Using a saline washout is a simple and safe procedure, which will quickly remove the harmful chemicals. If the skin area has been damaged as a result of a blown vein, a minor surgical procedure may be required.
5. Medical Treatment
A medical treatment to a blown vein is rarely a must as in most cases it is only a minor injury. However, you need to observe the affected area and consult a doctor if the swelling or inflammation do not want to go away or when you suspect that there is a risk of an infection.
If some tissue damage has occurred or extravasation happened, you will probably have to take some antibiotics to prevent the infection. You should never ignore a blown vein, but at the same do not be afraid of a needle insertion in the future. A blown vein may happen from time to time and it is rarely serious.
How to Prevent a Blown Vein
A blown vein does not happen frequently and even when it does, in most cases it is not serious. However, the best idea is to take some measures, which will help you avoid the problem in the first place.
If you are just about inserting a needle into a patient’s skin, make sure that the needle you are going to use has the right size. If you are not sure, use a smaller one to lower the risk of a vein rupture. If you have some difficulty with finding a vein, use a tourniquet. It will help you detect a vein, but remember not to tie it too tightly and release it the moment the needle is inserted.
BP cuff will work better than tourniquet in case of elderly people or those whose veins are extremely sensitive. If BP cuff does not work and you still have some difficulties with identifying the vein, use a vein finder, which will quickly help you detect a proper vein for a needle injection.
A more traditional method is using a heating pad. Simply warm up the area and that should help you identify the veins. When you choose a vein for a needle injection, go for a straight one if it is possible as straight veins are less problematic.
Proper insertion is also important. Therefore, make sure that when you insert the needle, the bevel faces up and the needle has a proper angle. If you notice a flashback from the needle you are inserting, lower the angle of it. This way you can avoid a potential vein rupture.
It may happen that once you insert the needle, you cannot locate the vein. In such a case do not dig for it with a needle as you can only lead to the rupture of a nearby vein. Also, remember that the arm should be stabilized before the needle insertion. This simple step will significantly lower the risk of a vein rupture.
What is The Procedure for IV
IV which is a shorting for intravenous insertion is a common procedure which involves puncturing a vein through your skin by a special cannula to get venous access. The procedure of IV should be known to both a patient and a medical assistant who will perform it. The patient feels more secure then while the medical assistants is less likely to make a mistake.
IV insertion is often done to patients who are seriously ill, who experience some electrolyte or fluid disturbances, or are after a surgery. Therefore, it may save lives and because of that we should not be afraid of that and know what to expect.