A blown vein may be described as an injury to your vein. Most commonly it happens as a result of the IV insertion when the vein gets punctured and blood starts to leak outside it. Despite the fact that a blown vein is rarely a dangerous situation, it should be treated at once.
Read the article and find out what the symptoms of a blown vein are and what factors usually cause it. Learn how you can treat a blown vein at a doctor’s or on your own with the use of best home remedies. You will also know what to do to prevent a blown vein in the future.
The Symptoms of Blown Vein
It is usually quite easy to identify a blown vein as it causes some typical symptoms, which include swelling and tenderness of the area. You may also notice discoloration of the skin or hematoma. Remember, though, that hematomas may also appear when too much pressure was put on the entry site after removing IV.
If a medical specialist is not sure if there has been a rupture to your vein, he may use a saline flush to make sure that the vein has blown. It is a safe and painless method in which the saline flush goes through the sufferer’s body. If there has been any rupture to your vein, the swelling will appear.
In most cases a blown vein will look similarly to all the other injuries, which means that the skin will be swollen and bruised. The area may be tender, itchy or hot. The reason for swelling is that the fluids seep out of your vein, accumulating under your skin, just close to the needle injection site.
The Causes of Blown Vein
There are a few possible causes of a blown or ruptured vein. Have a look at them to known what to expect when the situation happens. Patients often put the blame for a blown vein on the nurse who performed the procedure. As you will read, however, you will find out that it may be caused by a number of different factors.
1. Wrong Size of a Needle
The IV procedure is generally simple and safe, however, a lot depends on the medical specialist who performs it. A quite a common mistake is a wrong sized needle. When the needle is too large, it may lead to the blown vein. Therefore, a good tip for a nurse or a medical assistant it to choose a smaller needle as for sure it will be a safer option.
2. Insertion Mistake
This cause is similar to the previous one as it also depends on the person who performs the IV insertion. If it is performed by an unexperienced or unskilled professional, it may happen that he or she inserts the needle incorrectly or implants it too deeply in your vein. As a result both sides of your vein may be perforated.
To avoid such a situation it is extremely important to follow all the steps for the IV insertion procedure thoroughly. If you are a nurse and you feel that you cannot handle a patient because of lack of experience or because it is simply not you day, do not be afraid to ask for help.
3. Fragile Veins
It may also happen that our veins are to blame as some people tend to have them more fragile or sensitive than others. Veins may become fragile as a result of aging and because of that it is a more common problem of elderly people. Their veins are simply thinner and more vulnerable to perforation.
However, there are people who are born with fragile veins. If you know that it is your case, always inform a nurse or a medical assistant about it before IV insertion.
4. Patient Moves
It may also happen that a patient is responsible for a blown vein. For example, when he or she moves around a lot which leads to the vein perforation. Thus, if you have a needle inserted into your skin, try not to make sudden and intense movements.
Your arm should stay still and relaxed on a hard surface. Simply do what a nurse tells you to do for a smoother procedure.
5. Moveable Veins
There are people whose veins are sensitive and move very easily when there is some pressure put on them. When that is the case, it is very difficult to insert a needle properly and there is a higher risk of vein rupture.
If you know that your veins easily move, always tell about it to the medical specialist who is going to insert a needle into your skin.
6. Stuck Bevel
Bevel is the sharp tip of a needle. In rare cases it may happen that it gets stuck in a vein, which then may lead to a blown vein.
Blown Vein – Treatment and Best Remedies
In most cases a blown vein is only a minor injury, which you can easily handle on your own with the use of a few simple steps. A medical treatment is required only in rare cases. However, the most important thing is to identify if the vein has blown.
1. Apply Pressure
The first thing you should do in case of a blown vein is to apply some pressure on the affected area. This simple step will reduce the loss of blood and prevent the inflammation.