A blood clot is known as deep vein thrombosis in a medical world. It occurs when some components of your blood clump together forming a clot. The phenomenon may appear in your arm or any other body area. A blood clot is often a consequence of prolonged immobility, but a hormonal therapy, pregnancy, or smoking are also the risk factors.
Read the article to know what causes blood clots and how to read the symptoms to know when you should seek immediate medical help and when you can wait and try to get rid of the problem with home remedies.
What Is a Blood Clot
A blood clot may be described as a clump of your blood, which has a gel-like consistency. Generally, blood clotting is a normal process, for example, when you get injured or cut, clots prevent from losing too much blood. However, a blood clot may also form inside your veins and then it may not dissolve on its own, which is potentially life-threatening.
If your blood clot is immobile, it may not be dangerous, but if it moves, it can harm you. It happens that the blood clot goes through your veins to your lungs or heart and when that happens, it may disturb the blood circulation, which is a state that requires immediate medical attention. Remember, though, that you cannot decide on your own if you have a blood clot and if it is dangerous or not. If you suspect a blood clot, always consult a doctor.
The Types of Blood Clots
Blood clots may develop either in your veins or arteries. When it forms in your artery, it is known as an arterial clot and it is a condition which requires emergency medical attention. When an arterial clot happens, you can experience such symptoms as strong pain or paralysis of some parts of the body. This type of cloth often leads to a stroke or a heart attack.
Another type of blood clot is known as a venous clot and as the name suggests it forms in a vein. It takes more time for it to develop, but it is also a life-threatening condition. The most dangerous type of a venous clot is known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It is a situation when a blood clot develops in one of your main veins, which are located deep inside your body.
Deep vein thrombosis usually happens in one of the legs, but arms, lungs, pelvis, or brain may be affected too. The statistics clearly show that deep vein thrombosis kills about 100,000 Americans every year. As it is not possible to know if you have a blood clot without a medical examination, the best way is to do regular check-ups at your doctor’s. It is especially important if you know that you are in the risk group.
Symptoms of Blood Clot in Arm
A blood clot which develops in your arm does not necessarily have to be harmful as often it is just a normal part of repairing your damaged tissue. However, when a blood clot is large, it may disturb the blood circulation and then it may be dangerous.
The most common symptoms of a blood clot in arm, which should alarm you, include swelling of the arm which is caused by the accumulation of the blood, which cannot go through the blockage. Additionally, the affected arm may also be tender and painful, or it is often described as a cramp.
Also, have a closer look at the skin color of the affected arm as it often becomes bluish or reddish. This symptom, however, will be more noticeable among light-skinned people. The arm may also be warm when you touch it as the blood clot can irritate your blood vessels. This may cause the area to be warmer than your other arm.
Last but not least, veins in the affected arm may be more visible and as if stretched or engorged. It happens because your blood accumulates in one place, which makes your veins stretch so that they can accommodate the greater amount of blood.
Symptoms of Blood Clot in Other Body Parts
The article is devoted mainly to the problem of a blood clot in arm, however, it is worth mentioning what symptoms may appear when a blood clot develops in a different body area. Arms and legs are affected most commonly and the symptoms are similar in both cases.
Therefore, if a blood clot forms in your leg, you will suffer from such symptoms as swelling, tenderness, pain, feeling of warmth in the affected leg, and a bluish or reddish color. Of course, the symptoms may vary depending on the size of the clot. That means that if the clot is small, you may experience barely any symptoms while if it is large, you can feel intense pain and swelling.